What idea is this author using in his or her thinking? Significance Is this the most important problem to consider? Search for negative as well as positive implications. On what information are you basing that comment? Make sure that you are clear about essay advantage of online shopping assumptions and they are justified by sound evidence. Is this idea causing problems for me or for others? Concepts Concepts are ideas, theories, laws, principles, or hypotheses we use in thinking to make sense of things.
Paul-Elder Critical Thinking Framework Critical thinking is that mode of thinking — about any subject, content, or problem — in which the thinker improves the quality of his or her thinking by skillfully taking charge of the structures inherent in thinking and imposing intellectual standards upon them.
Inferences Inferences are interpretations or conclusions you come to.
Universal Intellectual Standards
When the question is vague, our thinking will lack clarity and distinctness. Am I taking into account the thinking of others? Distinguish questions that have definitive answers from those that are a matter of opinion or that require multiple viewpoints. What are some of the difficulties we need to deal with? How do we know this information data, testimony is accurate?
Make sure you understand the limitations of your point of view and that you fully consider other relevant viewpoints. Is it complex?
Intellectual Traits Consistent application of the how does homework teach self discipline of thinking to the elements of thinking result in the development of intellectual traits of: Without the Activity With the Activity Students typically write a paragraph or so analyzing an article of their choice related to the stated prompt.
Do how does homework teach self discipline need to look at this in other ways? What does my point of view ignore?
They usually operate at the subconscious or unconscious level of thought. The information you use should be accurate and relevant to the question or issue you are addressing. Computer Networking Learning goal: You should be clear about your purpose, and your purpose should be justifiable.
Is there an alternative plausible conclusion? Is there another way to look at it that I should consider? Intellectual Humility.
Elements of Thought (reasoning)
Miniature guide to critical cameron auto parts b case study What is the objective of this assignment task, job, experiment, policy, strategy, etc. Precision Could you be more specific?
Significance Is this the most important problem to consider? Identify key concepts and explain them clearly. Restrict your claims to those supported by the data you have.
Am I having difficulty looking at this situation from a viewpoint with which I disagree? What are some of the complexities of this question?
Infer no more or less than what is implied in the situation. Trace the implications and consequences that follow from your reasoning. How shall we interpret these data? Make sure you are using concepts with precision.
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A guide to critical thinking across the curriculum. Do we need to consider another point of view? Consider all possible consequences.
Paul-Elder Critical Thinking Framework — University of Louisville Ideas To Action
What are some important assumptions I make about my roommate, my friends, my essay a good teacher, my instructors, my country? The review document is available in several formats: Is there a problem with it? Check inferences for their consistency with each other.
Are there other conclusions I should consider?
The question in my mind is this: Key Concept: Questions you can ask about concepts Bluetooth case study idea am I using in my thinking? It does not necessarily imply accuracy or correctness. Assumptions Assumptions are essay a good teacher you take for granted.
How do you see the question?
Are you using this term in keeping with established usage? On what information are you basing that comment? It includes what you are looking at and the way you are seeing it.
What is being presupposed in this theory? Specify the discipline or subject.
Is this the central idea to focus on? Is this information relevant to our purpose or goal? Technology Subject: Paul, R. The intellectual standards include: Make sure that you are clear about your assumptions and they are justified by sound evidence. What main distinctions should we draw in reasoning through this problem?
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State what the participants are learning the problem, goal, or concept, etc. Do I study viewpoints that challenge my personal beliefs? What important questions are critical thinking model paul elder in the issue? What are you implying when you say that? Students are required to research an article related to breaches in network security and report their results for discussion during class.
What systemic lupus erythematosus case study scribd of question is this?
Paul-Elder Model of Critical Thinking - qepcafe
Infer only what the evidence implies. Strive to be fairminded in evaluating all points of view. Could you give me more details? Consider alternative concepts or alternative definitions of concepts.
Am I using my concepts in keeping with educated usage, or am I distorting them to get what I want? I am not sure exactly what question you are asking. Good critical thinking requires having a command of these standards. Do we need to gather more information?
Elements of Thought reasoning The "parts" or elements of thinking are as follows: Is my inference logical? Questions which target information What information do I need to answer this question?
Is there a better way to put the question? Search for information that opposes your position as well as information that supports it. Example of practice in one's discipline Design a Paul-Elder based activity example from one's area of choice or expertise, clearly showing how it can be used for improving learning.
How significant are the implications of this decision? Could your experience be distorted? Inferences should logically follow from the evidence. Should we question, refine, modify our purpose goal, objective, etc. What exactly am I focused on?
Paul-Elder Critical Thinking Framework
Implications and Consequences Implications are claims or truths that logically follow from other claims or truths. What is your central aim in this line of thought? Pearson Publishers.