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Literature review on gum arabic,

The socio-demographic, medical history was taken from each patient using questionnaire. It has been reported that dietary fibers including GA bind bile acids and diminish their absorption in the terminal ileum Moundras et al. Lowering effect of GA on lipid profile that has been mentioned in some studies needs further verification and more research is necessary Kelley and Tsai, ; Ross et al.

Contents

Ethics The study received ethical clearance from the board of ethical committee of Ministry of Health Khartoum State, Sudan. Available in DaVita. Out of thesecompleted the study through the end of the 4-weeks treatment period. Go to. Ethics The study received ethical clearance from the board of ethical committee of Ministry of Health Khartoum State, Sudan.

Results One hundred and twenty patients with hyperlipidemia who met the inclusion and exclusion criteria were enrolled to the study. This process reduces the lipid pool in the body and causes decreased fat digestion and absorption. The diet and exercise were kept under control in both the study and controls groups. Because it is a mixture, which varies with source, the exact chemical composition and molecular structures are still debated.

Ten 5 in each group participants dropped due to loss of follow-up. In recent years there have been important developments in different dosage forms for existing and newly designed drugs and natural products, and semi-synthetic as well as synthetic president research paper outline often need to be used for a variety of purposes literature review on gum arabic today, the whole world is increasingly interested in natural drugs and excipients [7].

Nature has provided us a wide variety of materials to help improve and sustain the health of all living things either directly or indirectly. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of GA ingestion on lipids profile among adults Sudanese patients with hyperlipidemia.

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Helen Dorrough. GA is indigestible to humans, but following its fermentation in the colon short-chain fatty acids are produced that can lead a lot of benefits such as prebiotic effect, increases in Bifidobacteria, Lactobacteria, and Bacteriodes reflecting a prebiotic effect Calame et al. It is water soluble; therefore it is used as an emulsifier, thickening substance and flavor stabilizer in many pharmaceutical and food industries Dziezak, Both the main and the side chain contain units of: The beneficial effect of GA on lipid profile needs further verification.

There is no significant difference in the basic characteristics between the study and the control groups 55 patients in each arm of the study. All responses were kept anonymous. Interestingly a more a recent proposed mechanism by which viscous dietary fibers can reduce adiposity is increased mitochondrial biogenesis and fatty acid oxidation by skeletal muscles Islam et al.

This goes with the previous findings from other studies president research paper outline have reported lipid-lowering effects of soluble dietary fiber Ross et al.

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GA is indigestible to humans, but following its fermentation in the colon short-chain fatty acids are produced that can lead a lot of benefits such as prebiotic effect, increases in Bifidobacteria, Lactobacteria, and Bacteriodes reflecting a prebiotic effect Calame et al. A case—control study was conducted at Omdurman Hospital, Sudan to assess the effect of G A on serum lipids in patients with hyperlipidemia.

The socio-demographic, medical history was taken from each patient using questionnaire. The gum from Acacia seyal also contains significantly more 4-O-methyl-d-glucuronic acid but less l-rhamnose and unsubstituted d -glucuronic acid than that from Acacia Senegal [9]. Mean SD and proportion were compared between the study and control groups using independent sample t-test and X2, respectively.

A p-value of less than 0. President research paper outline dietary fiber has a lipid-lowering property Pekkanen et al. Changes of the lipids profile in the study and control groups before and after the trial. Money problem solving y4 in the large intestine, breakdown of GA releases the sequestered bile acids and the acidic pH generated during the fermentation process renders them insoluble and promotes their good scores for sat essay in stool Moundras et al.

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Compliance was monitored by weekly contact with the subjects by phone. Soluble dietary fiber has lipid lowering characteristics.

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Literature Review Electrolytes Na, K, Ca, PO4 disturbance is very clear in patients with renal disease, specifically disturbance of Ca and PO4 was reported in patients with reduced glomerular filtration rate [1]. Some studies reported elevated serum PO4 in patients with chronic renal failure and gum arabic administration was associated with lowering the serum level to normal [3].

GA has a complicated molar mass distribution. The paired t-test was used for analysis of pre and post intervention levels of the lipid profile. The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author youth essay contests 2019 or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice.

Other effects of GA include reduction in plasma cholesterol level in animals and humans Sharma, Hyperkalemia is a grave finding which is frequently encountered in poorly managed patients with renal disease.

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Then 5 ml of venous blood was taken from each respondent to measure lipid profile total, LDL and Essay on amy lowell cholesterol and triglycerides using a multichannel chemistry auto analyzer Lipid profiles, were determined for each participant twice; at baseline of the study and after 4 weeks. Similarly excess phosphorus is removed from the body through the urine by the kidney and so high serum levels of PO4 are sequence of kidney diseases [2].

Gum arabic is proved to be effective in improving the renal youth essay contests 2019 in patients with kidney disease [4]. The control groups were advised not to take GA by themselves it is widely used in Sudan.

Original Research ARTICLE

Compliance was monitored by weekly contact with the subjects by phone. Likewise, Davidson et al. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC.

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The patients with newly discovered hyperlipidemia were enrolled if they were not on lipid lowering agent for at least 1 month before starting the study. Confidentiality and privacy of respondents was assured. The latter two usually occur preferably as end units [8]. The patients master naturalist capstone project newly discovered hyperlipidemia were enrolled if they were not on lipid lowering agent for at least 1 month before starting the study.

Confidentiality and privacy of respondents was assured. Both statin and GA were used at bedtime.

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There was no significant difference in the mean SD of the age [ Introduction It has been shown that elevated cholesterol level -especially low density lipoprotein cholesterol LDL-C —is a major risk factor for coronary heart disease CHD which is a leading cause of death worldwide. Physico-chemical Characteristics of Gum Arabic. The control groups were advised not to take GA by themselves it is widely used in Sudan.

GA was also found to be a useful prebiotic, which promotes beneficial physiological effects [12]. While there was no significant difference in the levels of HDL, there was a significant reduction of the good scores for sat essay cholesterol The adhesive property is not related to the viscosity [11].

Out of thesecompleted the study through the end of the 4-weeks treatment period. All responses advertising appeals essay kept anonymous. Patients who had familial hyperlipidemia, premature CHD, pregnant, and lactating ladies were excluded. Despite there being more than species of acacia trees, most commercial GA is produced from Acacia Senegal and Acacia seyal which are grown commercially throughout the Sahel from Senegal and Sudan to Somaliland.

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For centuries man has made effective use of materials of natural origin in the medical and pharmaceutical field. The diet and exercise were kept under control in both the study and controls groups.

References Ali, B. Gums are the one of widely used natural materials for conventional good scores for sat essay novel dosage forms. GA acts as protective colloid and excellent emulsifier. Both statin and GA were used at bedtime. Gum Arabic Acacia Senegal is a branched-chain, complex polysaccharide, either neutral or slightly acidic so found as a complex mixture of calcium, magnesium and potassium salt of a polysaccharide acid or as a complex branched polysaccharide that contains D- galactose, L-rhamnose, D-glucuronic acid and L-arabinose residues.

Then 5 ml of venous blood was taken from each respondent to measure lipid profile total, LDL and HDL cholesterol and triglycerides using a multichannel chemistry auto analyzer Lipid profiles, were determined for each participant twice; at baseline of the study and after 4 weeks. There was no significant difference in the mean SD of the age [ Lowering effect of GA on lipid profile that has been mentioned in some studies needs further verification and more research is necessary Kelley and Tsai, ; Ross money problem solving y4 al.

Ten 5 in each group participants dropped due to loss of follow-up. Different causes of hyperlipidemia were observed and these were not different between the study and control groups, Figure 1. Depending on the source, the glycan components of GA contain a greater proportion of L-arabinose relative to d-galactose Acacia seyal or d-galactose relative to l-arabinose Acacia senegal.

Patients who had familial hyperlipidemia, premature CHD, pregnant, and lactating ladies were excluded. Maximum viscosity is achieved between pH 6 and 7. These sugars constituents advertising appeals essay gum Arabic are the same but composition and molecular weight of the gum varies business plan subway species to species in the range ofto 1, [5].

A-l-arabinofuranosyl, B-d-glucuronopyranosyl, and 4-O-methyl-b-d-glucuronopyranosyl. A—C Reduction of the lipids cholesterol, triglyceride and LDL profile in the study and control sample of cover letter as a receptionist before and after the trial.

Others describe three fractions arabinogalactan The socio-demographic, medical history was taken from each patient using questionnaire. The chemical composition and the composition of the mixture can vary with the source, climate, season, age of trees, rainfall, time of exudation, and other factors. Conflict of Interest Literature review on gum arabic The authors declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential ust thesis defense of interest.

Soluble dietary fiber has a lipid-lowering property Pekkanen et al. Soluble dietary fiber has lipid lowering characteristics.

Introduction

No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms. Equally, many millions of people around the world make use of these products in their everyday life.

It is water soluble; therefore it is used as an emulsifier, thickening substance and flavor stabilizer in many pharmaceutical and food industries Dziezak, It has been reported that dietary fibers including GA bind bile acids and diminish their absorption sample cover letter director the terminal ileum Moundras et al.

The aim of this study was to determine the effects of GA ingestion on lipids profile among adults Sudanese patients with hyperlipidemia. Other effects of GA include reduction in plasma cholesterol level in animals and literature review on gum arabic Sharma, Likewise, the liver formation of scarface research paper bile acids requires cholesterol.

However, the name is also used for literature review on gum arabic gums produced by other Acacia species [13]. Potassium, Phosphorus and literature review on gum arabic Dialysis Diet.

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However, Haskell et al. A case—control study was conducted at Omdurman Hospital, Sudan to assess the effect of G A on serum lipids in patients with hyperlipidemia. The viscosity of solutions varies strongly with the GA type, pH, and ionic strength.

Tens of thousands of people worldwide depend on the collection of gums as an income.

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Gum arabic is odorless, colorless, tasteless, and does not affect the odor, color, and taste of the system to which it is added. Gum arabic is a complex mixture of arabinogalactan oligosaccharides, polysaccharides, and glycol proteins. In summary, the current study showed a statistically significant reduction in total cholesterol, triglyceride and LDL with in the study group GA compared to the control group.