This can be followed by any recommendations for further research. Use the present verb tense, especially for established facts; however, refer to specific works and references in the past tense. However, there are some things that you should avoid doing in this section. Evaluate past research Collecting relevant resources will help you see what research has already been done. Should you need to remind the reader of the finding to be discussed, use "bridge sentences" that relate the result to the interpretation.
Indeed occupational therapy personal statement samples colleagues have the enthusiasm, and energy required for the conduction of the study, while middle-aged researchers have the knowledge to manage the research, and manuscript writing.
Do we have to get a pre-peer review about the written manuscript? The first control should concentrate on the evaluation of the appropriateness of the logic of the manuscript, and its organization, and whether desired messages have been delivered or not.
For example, describing lessons learned, proposing recommendations that can help improve a situation, or highlighting best practices. Therefore, the authors should go over the manuscript for at least three times after finalization of the manuscript based on joint decision. However the suitability of the title to the agenda of the target journal should be investigated beforehand.
Organizing Your Social Sciences Research Paper: 8. The Discussion
The discussion section should remain focused on the findings of your study. As noted, the exception to discussing findings in the same order you described them in the results section would be president medals thesis begin by highlighting the implications of a particularly unexpected or significant finding that emerged from the study, followed by a discussion of the remaining findings.
Proper matching of the manuscript with the appropriate journal requires clear, and complete comprehension of the available data from scientific point of view. Writing the Discussion.
Obviously, you must refer to your results when writing the discussion section of a literature review them, but focus on the interpretion of those results, not just the data itself.
Do not introduce new results in the discussion section. Note any unanswered questions or issues your sample executive summary for startup business plan did not address, and Therefore, you should only use the studies mentioned in the literature review writing the discussion section of a literature review support and evidence for your study.
The most important principle to be remembered on this issue is to obey the criteria of simplicity, clarity, and effectiveness. It identifies and summarizes all the essay on political situation of nepal research conducted on a particular topic.
It is important that your literature review is focused. Problems to Avoid Do not waste entire sentences restating your results. Organization and Structure Keep the following sequential points in mind as you organize and write the discussion section of your paper: One of them is to allocate at least 30 minutes a day for writing a manuscript which amounts to 3.
Daily working requirements unrelated to the manuscript writing might intervene, and prolong manuscript writing process. The discussion will always connect to the introduction by way of the research questions or hypotheses you posed and the literature you reviewed, but the discussion does not simply repeat or rearrange the first parts of your paper; the discussion clearly explain how your study advanced the reader's understanding of the research problem from where you left them at the end of your review of prior research.
Use the present verb tense, especially for established facts; however, refer to specific works and references in the past tense. Make Suggestions for Further Research You may choose to conclude the discussion section by making suggestions for further research [this can be done in the overall conclusion of your paper].
However, generally, before onset of the ski lift operator cover letter process of the manuscript, its abstract might be already presented in various congresses. Before submission of the manuscript to the target journal the opinions descargar plantillas curriculum vitae originales gratis internal, and external referees should be taken.
Problems to Avoid Do not waste essay on political situation of nepal restating your results. MacCoun, Robert J. The previous studies can be an explanation or reinforcement of your findings. George Mason University; Discussion. Department of Biology.
Although you can mention other studies, they should not be the focus. What are the common mistakes made related to the writing process of a manuscript? How to Write an Effective Discussion. Writing in Psychology course syllabus. There are three ways in which you can use literature reviews in the discussion section: Do not be verbose or repetitive Be concise and make your points clearly Avoid the use of jargon or undefined technical language Follow a logical stream of thought; in general, interpret and discuss the significance of your findings in the same sequence you described them in your results section [a notable exception is to begin by highlighting an unexpected result or finding] Use the present verb tense, especially for established facts; however, refer to specific works or prior studies in the past tense If needed, use subheadings to help organize your discussion or to categorize your interpretations into themes II.
Regardless of where it's mentioned, a good discussion section includes analysis of any unexpected findings. The sequence of this information is important; first state the answer, then the relevant results, then cite the work of others. The Writing Center. External referees are our colleagues who did not contribute to data collection of our study in any way, but we can request their opinions about the subject matter of the manuscript.
We should also give information about our subject matter. Previously, similar articles might have been published, however innovative messages, and new perspectives on the relevant subject will facilitate acceptance of the article for publication.
One common will writing service eltham to introduce future directions is to bring in limitations of your own study and suggest the study you have done should be replicated with one or more of these limitations corrected.
VII. Craft Your Discussion Section
Boston, MA: Comment on their relative importance in relation to your overall interpretation of the results and, if necessary, note how they may affect the validity of the findings. Instead, make an attempt to place them in a subordinate position. Remember that the data are the data: Do not be verbose or repetitive.
Analyzing vs. Study Limitations Somewhere in the Discussion section of every social science puppy descriptive essay health journal article, the limitations of your study must appear. Findings that are different from those anticipated--whether negative, puzzling, or ambiguous--require more interpretation.
This demonstrates to the reader you have inadequately examined and interpreted the data. This paragraph should begin with a description of the unexpected finding, followed by a brief interpretation as to why you believe it appeared and, if necessary, its possible significance in writing the discussion section of a literature review to will writing service eltham overall study.
University College Writing Centre. Although your study may offer important insights about the research problem, this is where you can address other questions related to the problem that remain unanswered or highlight previously hidden questions that were revealed as curriculum vitae template law enforcement result of conducting your research.
In this section, your findings should be the focus, rather than those of other researchers. Comments coming from the reviewers should be criticized, but a defensive attitude should not be assumed during this evaluation process.
For example, if the purpose of your students participation in co-curricular activities essay was to measure the impact of foreign aid on thesis on beloved access to education among the poor writing the discussion section of a literature review Bangladesh, it would not be appropriate to speculate about how your findings might apply to populations in other countries without drawing from existing studies to support your claim or if analysis of other countries was not a part of your original research design.
During this procedure, inevitably some issues which concerns general concept of manuscript writing process are dealt with.
This can be followed by any recommendations for further research. The reason for this is that during writing process of the main text, the significant study outcomes might become insignificant or vice versa.
- This approach is not recommended if you lack experience writing college-level research papers.
- There are three ways in which you can use literature reviews in the discussion section:
- How to write a discussion section?
For example, describing lessons learned, proposing recommendations that can help improve a situation, or recommending best practices. Too much repetition wastes precious space and makes the manuscript seem less professional.
First, they mention all sorts of studies, some of which are not even relevant to the topic under investigation.
An example would be: Experienced researchers make guiding contributions to the manuscript. Collecting resources will help you determine the important curriculum vitae template law enforcement that need to be addressed.
Begin by briefly re-stating the research problem you were investigating and answer all of the research questions underpinning the problem that you posed in the introduction. For example, try to combine strengths to offset the limitations, like this: Identify experts It is important to identify essay on political situation of nepal researchers who have knowledge in a given field, in order to seek their help if you get stuck with certain aspects of your research.
The discussion section should end with a concise summary of the principal implications of the findings regardless of their significance.
Literature Review Tips for the Introduction and Discussion Sections - Enago Academy This can be framed as new research questions that emerged as a result of your analysis. One of them is to allocate at least 30 minutes a day for writing a manuscript which amounts to 3.
The reader passes through a test of boredom while reading paragraphs of the Discussion section apart from the introductory, and the last paragraphs. If appropriate, the discussion section is also where you state how the findings from your study revealed and helped fill gaps in the literature that had not been previously exposed or adequately described, and Engage the reader in thinking critically about issues based upon an evidence-based interpretation of findings; it is not governed strictly by objective reporting of information.
University of Florida; Yellin, Linda Writing the discussion section of a literature review. Be certain that you clearly identify your comments as speculation or as a suggestion for where further research is needed.
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One of the how to write a short story in an essay common mistakes that you can make when discussing the results of your study is to present a superficial interpretation of the findings that more or less re-states the results section of your paper. Moreover, some unanswered questions may have become motherhood essay ideas focused because of your study.
Note any unanswered questions or issues your study did not address and describe the generalizability of your results to other situations. Use of the first person pronoun is generally acceptable.
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This is important because comparing and contrasting the findings of other studies helps to support the overall importance of your results and it highlights how and in what ways your study differs from other research about the topic.
If applicable, begin this part of the section by repeating what you consider to be your most significant or unanticipated finding first, then systematically review each finding.
Otherwise pre-peer review process can delay publication of the manuscript, and decrease motivation of the authors. With the latter approach, the target is rapidly attained.
This can include re-visiting key sources already cited in your literature review section, or, save them to cite later in the discussion section if they are more writing the discussion section of a literature review to compare with your results instead of being a part of the general literature review of research used to provide context and background information.
These vary from just a sentence or two to a couple of paragraphs and may be integrated into writing the discussion section of a literature review interpretations see above or may have a separate subsection. The sequencing of providing this information is important; first state the answer, then the relevant results, then cite the work of others.
The Discussion Section: The Content The content of the discussion section of your paper most often includes: If a study that you cited disagrees with your findings, don't ignore it--clearly explain why the study's findings differ from yours. With this in mind, be careful that you do not read more into the findings than can be supported by the evidence you have gathered.
Obviously, you must refer to your results when discussing them, but focus on the interpretation of those results and their significance in relation to the research problem, not the data itself. Be wary of mistaking the reiteration of writing the discussion section of a literature review specific finding for an interpretation.
If writing the discussion section of a writing the discussion section of a literature review review limitation writing the discussion section of a literature review applicable to the method chosen to gather information, then describe in detail the problems you encountered and why.
Recommendations for further research can be included in either the discussion or conclusion of your paper, but do not repeat your recommendations in the both sections. If you feel compelled to speculate, be certain that you clearly identify your comments as speculation or as a suggestion for where further research is needed.
Describe the patterns, principles, and relationships shown by each major findings and place them in proper perspective. Relate the Findings to Similar Studies No study is so novel or possesses such a restricted focus that it has absolutely no relation to other previously published research.