Literature review on medical waste management, the work reported...

A cross sectional study was carried out using questionnaire as the study tool among the health care professionals in a tertiary care teaching hospital. The work reported in this paper involves a preliminary study of residential solid waste management in the Lagos metropolis in Nigeria. Proper handling, treatment and disposal of the biomedical waste material are most important issue for the health of the human beings. Biomedical waste BMW generated in our nation on a day to day basis is immense and contains infectious and hazardous materials. The inadequate knowledge about the proper handling essay about social responsibility of business biomedical waste can be dangerous to the health of common man as well as of health care personnel. This is a review paper which is prepared from the surveys of various research papers on improper biomedical waste. The present systematic review was conducted to assess knowledge and awareness regarding BMW management among staff and students of dental teaching institutions in India.

Contents

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Biomed Pharmacol J ;11 3. Biomedical waste is generated in hospitals, research institutions, health care teaching institutes, clinics, laboratories, blood banks, animal houses and veterinary institutes.

In order to keep up with solid waste control nowadays, it is necessary to develop this course to improve teaching effects. It finally puts forward the future ways to reuse the municipal solid wastes. It aims to let students know basic knowledge and control technologies of solid waste pollution, so that they can solve problems on solid waste treatment and disposal.

Proper handling, treatment and disposal of biomedical wastes are important elements in any health care setting. According to another study reports, none of the respondents was able to list the legislative essay about social responsibility of business regarding BMW when asked.

Dental professionals are at a greater risk for acquiring cross-infection while treating patients.

Introduction

The results of the present review showed that knowledge and awareness level of subjects was inadequate and there is considerable variation in practice and management regarding BMW. Proper handling, treatment and disposal of how to write a good criminal law essay biomedical waste material are most important issue for the health of the human beings.

In the estimation process, factors such as waste composition and terminal treatment process have played an important role. Many chemicals like acrylics, impression materials and mercury used for restorative purposes may have a possible environmental and human health impact if not handled properly 56. Many studies across the country have shown that there are still deficiencies in the KAP of the employees in the organizations and hence it is necessary to make the appraisal of the same.

Living with solid waste littered around appears to be an acceptable way of life among the people in most cities in Nigeria in recent years. It is crucial on the part of the persuasive essay prompt staar to know the hazards of the biomedical waste in the work environment and make its disposition effective and in a scientific manner.

It is critical that the different professionals engaged in the healthcare sector have adequate Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices KAP with respect to biomedical waste management. PIN-E-mail: This is evident from the fact that most of the human pathogens have been isolated from oral secretions 4. This research article is to survey the practice of biomedical waste such as collection, storage, constitutionalism definition essay and disposal along with the amount of generated biomedical waste in various hospitals.

Past annual statistics indicated the number of construction firms regulated by Taiwan Environmental Protection Administration rose from to 8, from toand their total amount of discharge increased fromAs in many developing countries the generation of essay about social responsibility of business waste has increased significantly over the last few decades, management of this kind of waste continues to be a major challenge.

The paper takes an example of Shenyang and investigates the components of municipal solid wastes MSW ; comparing estimation based on the given trend of the organic constitutionalism definition essay matters in some typical cities in China.

We identified 62 papers with this method. Biomedical Waste Management: Mismanagement of the waste affects not only the generators, operators but also the common people too.

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Not much attention has been paid to the management of Biomedical Waste BMW in recent years, in dental colleges and hospitals in India. No limitation in terms of publication date was considered in the search strategy. The management of Bio-medical waste is still infant all across the world. Moreover, biomedical waste management and infection control policies in developing counties have not been widely documented.

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Most of the surveys carried out on the biomedical waste management in India have been on general and private dental practices 348 but very limited studies have been done on dental teaching institutions which generate a considerable literature review on medical waste management of biomedical waste.

To ascertain the levels of and the expanse of gaps in knowledge, attitudes and practices among doctors, post graduates, staff nurses, laboratory technicians and house-keeping staffs in a tertiary care teaching hospital in Mysuru, Karnataka.

Biomedical Waste Management – A Review

There is a great need for continuing education and training programmes to be conducted in dental teaching institutions in India. With increasing generation of solid waste municipal solid waste and industrial solid waste in China, solid waste control becomes one of the focus environmental problems facing our country, which depends on efforts of environmental professionals.

Initial electronic and manual search for BMW management in health care workers telugu essay portal 62 references and only six were retained.

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The knowledge in relation to BMW Management including the hospital BMW protocols was more desirable among doctors, but practical facets were better in nurses and the lab technicians. It is hazardous in nature. Health care waste is a heterogeneous mixture, which is very difficult to manage as such.

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The present review was carried out based on the protocol and guidelines have been used for its preparation 9. Proposal on strategies for the improvement of the effectiveness of the PSP operators in Lagos metropolis has been presented.

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Knowledge, Attitude and Practice amongst the different cadres of staff members were found to be significant statistically. This paper will sensitize the reader about the impacts of improper waste management. The studies dissertation peer review were excluded from the present review were: Biomedical waste management is one of the biggest challenges of the present day times.

Available from: Key words: Study selection was based on the following inclusion criteria: Visited 1, times, 1 visits today PDF Downloads: Biomedical waste management has been brought into focus recently in India, particularly with the notification of biomedical waste rules, which was brought out by Union Ministry of Environment and Forests under the provision of Environment [protection] act, The work reported in this paper involves a preliminary study of residential solid waste management in the Lagos metropolis curriculum vitae maken word Nigeria.

Biomedical waste is generated in hospitals, research institutions, health care teaching institutes, clinics, laboratories, blood banks, animal houses and veterinary institutes. It aims to let students know basic knowledge and control technologies of solid waste pollution, so that they can solve problems on solid waste treatment and disposal.

Copy the following to cite this article: Solid waste is seen in huge heaps on any piece of unused land, around buildings and in the open market places. A systematic review of relevant cross-sectional studies was conducted regarding BMW management in India in dental teaching institutions in India.

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Introduction Hospitals are those institutions which have existed since time immemorial in one form or the other and have become more complex in the present time frequented by people from every walk of life without any literature review on medical waste management between sex, age, caste and religion 1.

It consists of Bio-medical waste as well as chemical waste with a portion of solid waste. Almost all the subjects agreed to the fact that exposure to hazardous health care waste can result in disease or infection in another study. Structured questionnaires were applied to collect primary information such as size of households, income, Educational level etc.

Corresponding Author E-mail: This is a review paper which is prepared from the surveys of various research papers on improper biomedical waste. Rao D, Dhakshaini M. The inadequate knowledge about the proper handling of biomedical waste can be dangerous to the health of common man as well as persuasive essay prompt staar health care personnel.

Biomedical waste, knowledge, awareness, dentists, institution. The present systematic review was conducted to assess knowledge and awareness regarding BMW management among staff and students of dental teaching institutions in India. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Hence adequate knowledge, attitudes and practices of the staff of the health care institutes play a very important role.

Recently, there is a significant increase in the dental and medical teaching hospitals and correspondingly there has been tremendous increase in the amount of biomedical waste generated by the hospitals.

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These rules apply to all those persons which are connected with generation, collection, receiving, storage, transportation and handling or biomedical waste in any form 7. Objectives To assess the levels of knowledge, attitudes and practices among doctors, post graduates, interns, staff nurses, laboratory technicians and house-keeping staff in the different departments of a tertiary care teaching hospital.

Six studies were finally included in the review.

It has a direct impact literature review on medical waste management the health of the citizen of that city. Final Approval by: The output and composition of MSW in Liuzhou in were taken as an example in the paper, and literature review on medical waste management landfill was the main disposal technology there.

Various key words utilized in search strategy included- biomedical waste, knowledge, attitude, practice, dental teaching institutions, India, dentistry. Dental hospitals use instruments and materials that are directly exposed to blood and saliva and are therefore potential sources of infection.

Published on Feb 18, Bio-medical waste is generated mainly by health care establishments.

A Review of Waste Management in Sri Lanka

Purpose of study was to highlight certain aspects of hospital waste management status. The results obtained indicated that the problem of insufficient available data, insufficient funding, poor understanding of solid waste management by the PSP operators and poor publics attitude are the causes of solid waste crisis in Nigeria.

The study demonstrated gaps in the knowledge amongst all the cadres of the study respondents. In order to quantify the positive effects of MSW separate collection to low-carbon development, a method was proposed to estimate the reduction of carbon emission about this initiative.

This review discusses about various types of waste, its hazards and management. Material and Methods: Olanikpekun Abstract: Based on analysis of the current conditions of this course, the paper offers a construction plan for the course in the following aspects: A cross sectional study was carried out using questionnaire as the study tool among the health care professionals in a tertiary care teaching hospital.

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Copy the following to cite this URL: A major issue related to present biomedical waste management is that many hospitals dispose their waste in an improper, haphazard and indiscriminate manner which contributes to spread how to write a good criminal law essay serious diseases like hepatitis, human immunodeficiency virus etc 6.

Solid waste control technology has seen a fast development in recent years. Abstract Objectives: Material and Methods - Eligibility Criteria for the studies The present systematic review was carries out on biomedical waste management in dental teaching institutions in India.

Experts in the concerned field and authors of selected studies were also contacted for obtaining missing or unclear data whenever deemed essential. Potential biases were addressed and relevant data was extracted by the concerned investigators. Igbinomwanhia, J. The authors have declared that dissertation peer review conflict of interest exist. Solid Dissertation peer review Pollution Control is one of the main special courses offered to students whose major is Environmental Engineering.

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Biomedical waste BMW generated in our nation on a day to day basis is immense and contains infectious and hazardous materials. Received Feb 26; Accepted May 1. Among the multitude of problems existing in the fast urbanizing towns and cities in Nigeria, Solid waste appears to be the most prominent in recent years.

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Most of the waste was of the mixed waste of construction and demolition A site-specific study was carried out to estimate the quantity of residential solid waste generation, disposal and management in the metropolis.

To assess the gaps in knowledge, attitudes and practices among these health care workers in the different departments of a tertiary care teaching hospital.