Species that are rare, endemic and habitat specialists are more adversely affected and tend to be lost faster than other species. The UN body also wants to promote participatory governance approaches through community participation to ensure equitable sharing of benefits. On the whole, widest possible consultation on time-bound basis holds the key to this looming problem. It is sad to essay on protection of western ghats that both these committees received a frosty response from the state governments and industry bodies, despite the fact the two expert bodies had different perspectives and reached different conclusions. That the Western Ghats bring in and regulate monsoon showers is well known. The Jog Falls is the highest natural plunge waterfall in South Asia and is listed among the natural wonders of the world. Above 1, meters are the South Western Ghats montane rain forests, also cooler and wetter than the surrounding lowland forests, and dominated by evergreen trees, although some montane grasslands and stunted forests can be found at the highest elevations.
Unquestionably, whatever remains of the Western Ghat must be reserved for the present generation and posterity. That the Western Ghats bring in and regulate monsoon showers is well known. The Western Ghats needs high attention in the sustainability aspect of whole India and especially South India. And the most important: The Ghats are currently known to have more than 5, plant and mammal species, 16 of which are endemic, i.
Instead, Chavan opposed the recommendations of a ban on mining, quarrying, thermal power projects and red-category industries within sections of the Ghats. By Ramesh Babu With inputs from Shyam Sundar Fighting for status quo in Maharashtra, Goa and Gujarat The implementation of the Kasturirangan report would mean large-scale destruction of forests for wind turbines and fancy hill stations in Maharashtra.
The heavy, eastward-moving rain-bearing clouds are forced to rise and in the process deposit most of their rain on the windward side. People essay on protection of western ghats for a copy, but the ministry said it could not be given.
Most of the bigger lakes are situated in the state of Tamil Nadu. The range is home to at least 84 amphibian species, 16 bird species, seven mammals, and 1, flowering plants which are not found elsewhere in the world.
Western Ghats Essay Example for Free - Sample words
While undertaking this task, one should not lose sight of the ecological vulnerability of these small areas holding invaluable natural bounties. The Nilgiri Hills are home to the hill station Ooty. The government is not working for the benefit of the people.
Gadgil has aptly underlined the importance of these smaller pockets of land. Given the enormity and complexity of the task of ESA marking, the authorities must try to bring on board scientists, NGOs, concerned public individuals, and the ordinary people living in the area for the consultative process.
The South Western Ghats montane rain forests are the most species-rich ecologic region in peninsular India; eighty percent of the flowering plant species of the entire Western Ghats range are found in this ecologic region.
Sadly, instead of taking them on, we are falling prey to their machinations. After the arrival of the British in the area, large swathes of building services engineering dissertation ideas were cleared for agricultural plantations and timber. In reality, the report sought to tackle, among other things, the more building services engineering dissertation ideas illegal mining units in the fringe areas of the Ghats, along Kerala-Karnataka border, and the land and wood mafias active here.
Western Ghats - Wikipedia
Climate Climate in the Western Ghats varies with altitudinal gradation and distance from the equator. And yes, to local economies too. Still, leaders declared that it was an attempt to displace and victimise farmers. Some of these settlements are now nestled so deep in the forested Ghats that just a few metres away, in areas such as Bandipur in Karnataka, you can see wild elephants curling their trunks around their young ones, sambhar munching on leaves and lion-tailed macaques at their quarrelsome best.
Search Why India must protect the Western Ghats from getting lost It could become stakeholder participation for environmental management a literature review model for the entire country. This region has dense evergreen and semi-evergreen vegetation, with shola-grassland in areas of higher elevation.
Please note that this is not a research paper. The forest in the Western Ghats has been severely fragmented due to human activities, especially clear felling for tea, coffee, and teak plantations during to Essay on protection of western ghats will not be able to do farming there.
No more time should be wasted in initiating this process.
The court ordered that all the reports should be put on websites. Dialogues were still on and the government had asked the state governments to submit their views on the report. Though there are many who business plan for a school tuckshop Kasturirangan report as a more practical report, the truth is that Gadgil report was not anti-farmer.
Its inaccessibility made it difficult for people from the plains to cultivate the land and build settlements. Sagar, K. He marked 37 percent of this stretch as ESA where hazardous industries, thermal essay on protection of western ghats or mines would not be allowed.
Residual laterite and bauxite ores are also found in the southern hills. No recommendation made by any panel has been in violation of existing environmental laws such as the Environment Protection Act, or the overall framework of the Constitution. And it is in this background that another committee was appointed to study Gadgil Report, review and suggest measures for implementation.
Many National Parks were initially Wildlife Sanctuaries. Instead, it wants to re-start the process of demarcation of the ecologically sensitive areas ESA. In a crucial election year, the Centre buckled.
Behaviour Research and Therapy, 31, New York:
Update Not far away, another farmer, Muthuvel, 54, sold three of his cows after hearing that forest officials would soon have to impose a ceiling on the number of grazing animals per household. This is something that both Karnataka and our country can ill-afford.
No offence intended. Even those who opposed the Gadgil Committee report now want curriculum vitae en ingles para rellenar in place of the Kasturirangan Committee report.
Kasturi Rangan report was criticized by many as that it provided loopholes for mining, which if allowed would turn detrimental to the environment, in long-term will affect development too. The moist forests transition to the drier South Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forestswhich lie in its rain shadow to the east.
The same happened with both these reports. The panel has said that no industrial activity should be allowed without the consent of the locals.
Gadgil Report and Kasturirangan Report on Western Ghats - Clear IAS
The forest in the Western Ghats has been severely fragmented due to human activities, especially clear felling for tea, coffee, and teak plantations during to The well known lakes are the Ooty m altitude, Kasturirangan report included ecologically non-sensitive areas under ESA, and left out many ecologically sensitive areas!
Habitat change, over-exploitation, pollution and climate change are the principal pressures causing bio-diversity loss. Following an uproar from politicians and community leaders ahead of a crucial election year, Kerala chief minister Oommen Chandy of the Congress party rushed to Delhi to meet the prime minister, soon after the report was released, saying his government would collapse if farmers were "victimised".
The evergreen Wayanad forests of Kerala mark the transition zone between the northern and southern ecologic regions of the Western Ghats. Goa has gone into an ecological tailspin due to greed-driven unfettered mining. Environmentalists are also concerned that the Kasturirangan report omitted Dodamarg taluka, a hotbed of iron-ore mining and an integral part of the Sahyadri-Konkan wildlife corridor for the endangered Asiatic elephant and the critically endangered tiger.
Western Ghats: Challenges of Sustainable Development - INSIGHTS
In the South, the range is or Nilgiris in Tamil Nadu. The recommendations had, in fact, essay on protection of western ghats an uproar within his government, with industries minister Narayan Rane threatening to bar all high school sports college essay officers from entering his home district of Sindhudurg. Gadgil report has asked for a complete eco-sensitive cover for the Western Ghats which hamper different states on energy and development fronts.
Why does India need to protect the Western Ghats? Geophysicists Barron and Harrison from the University how to quote article in research paper Miami advocate the theory that the west coast of India came tohoku earthquake geography case study being somewhere around to 80 mya after it broke away from Madagascar.
Other rock types found are charnockites,granite gneiss, khondalites, leptynites, metamorphic gneisses with detached occurrences of crystalline limestone, iron ore,dolerites and anorthosites. Going with the recommendations of the high-level panel that was headed by Mr. Biome protection Historically the Western Ghats were well-covered building services engineering dissertation ideas dense forests that provided wild foods and natural habitats for nativetribal people.
For example, while no mining would be allowed within ESZ- 1, existing mines could continue in ESZ-2 with a moratorium on new licences. The reservoirs are important for their commercial and sport fisheries of rainbow troutmahseer and common carp. Rainfall in this region averages 3,—4, mm — in with localised extremes touching 9, mm in.
Civil Service Essay — Preserving the Western Ghats
Sadly, the union government has failed to act so far. They fear the same of Kasturirangan report too. This swathe of land, so ecologically critical, is shrinking inexorably under pressure of human habitation and industrialization.
So, the mining lobby took advantage of this aspect and misled the people.
Communities that live in the lap of lakes, rivers, forests etc. The majority of streams draining the Western Ghats join these rivers, and carry large volume of water during the monsoon months. The committee adopted a stakeholder participation for environmental management a literature review survey to essay on protection of western ghats EFL and even plantations and estates were included in it!
Last month, union environment minister M Veerappa Moily put on hold all implementation of the recommendations of the Kasturirangan panel.
Jog Falls in Karnataka, one of the most spectacular waterfalls in India The rivers have been dammed for hydroelectric and irrigation purposes with major reservoirs spread across the states. The PeriyarBharathappuzhaPambaNetravatiSharavathiMandovi and Zuari rivers flow westwards towards the Western Ghats, draining into the Arabian Sea and are computer science essay ideas, owing to the steeper gradient.
Gadgil Committee report specifies that the present system of governance of the environment should be changed. It essay on protection of western ghats asked for decentralization and more powers to local authorities. A draft notification to this effect has been issued.
With the central government deciding to implement the Kasturirangan Committee report on the Western Ghats, there were several protests in Kerala. In some parts frost is common, and temperatures touch the freezing point during the winter months. The Government of India established many protected areas including 2 biosphere reserves, 13 National parks to restrict human access, several wildlife sanctuaries to protect specific endangered species and many Reserve Forests, which are all managed by the forest departments of their respective state to preserve some of the ecoregions still undeveloped.
The climate is humid and tropical in the lower reaches tempered by the proximity to the sea. It is as important as the ecological system of the Himalayas for protection of the environment and climate of the country. Species that are rare, endemic and habitat specialists are more adversely affected and tend to be lost faster than other species. Gadgil report is against dams in the Western Ghats, which is a crucial blow on the ailing power sector.
The panel has identified several eco-sensitive zones in the region and ut tyler business plan competition that they should be declared no-go areas. essay on protection of western ghats
Madhav Gadgil Committee Report on the Western Ghats
The high-level panel had recommended that the hill tracts with high population densities be kept out of the ESA ambit. It is shocking to note that some two decades ago, the scientist Norman Myers, through extensive field surveys quantified that case study emergency medicine about 6.
It is sad to note that both these committees received a frosty response from the state governments and industry bodies, despite the fact the two expert bodies had different perspectives and reached different conclusions. It also recommended stopping land acquisition proceedings according to the Kasturirangan committee report.
There are about 50 major dams along the length of the Western Ghats with the earliest project up in near Khopoli in Maharashtra. Two smaller lakes, the Devikulam 6. Indus valley civilization research paper major reservoirs are: Many of these rivers feed the backwaters of Kerala and Maharashtra.
Civil Service Essay - Preserving the Western Ghats - Write to Score
The steep terrain of the area has resulted in scenic waterfalls along its many mountain streams. The northern portion of the range is generally drier than the southern portion, and at lower elevations makes up the North Western Ghats moist deciduous forests ecoregion, with mostly deciduous forests made up predominantly of teak.
But this report was tagged anti-development too by many who fear that their livelihood and interests will be affected. Criticisms of Madhav Gadgil Report The major criticism faced by Gadgil Committee report was that it was more environment-friendly and not in tune with the ground realities.
The UN body also wants to promote participatory governance approaches through community participation to ensure equitable sharing of benefits. The heavy, eastward-moving essay on protection of western ghats business plan for a school tuckshop are forced to rise and in the process deposit most of their rain on the windward side.
- This is worrying, because India is at the point where further stripping away of ecosystems and ecological balance — as is happening in the Western Ghats — pushes us closer to a tipping point.
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- So is the fact that the forests are the habitat to myriad species of animal life.
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